Tuesday, December 31, 2019

Apple s Vision Statement And Mission Statement - 1360 Words

Apple Strategic Plan Leslie D. Wilkes Bethel University MOD 440 Essentials of Strategic Management Mrs. Payne June 5, 2017 Abstract Apple’s vision statement and mission statement are bases of the company’s success as one of the most valuable companies in the world. Apple value proposition is determined in part by the level of engagement consumers can achieve with their device both in terms of frequency of use and the range of features and services they access. Apple’s competitive advantage is it brand. Apple is the world’s most valuable brand valued at $151B. It grew 6% last year. Apple has fans. Millions of people will buy whatever Apple sells and Apple’s strategic plan has evolved because whenever you hear the†¦show more content†¦Apple, Amazon and Samsung are the top 3 brands in the US market, owning 43%, 24% and 11% of the installed base respectively. Looking at these brands, it is clear that iPad users are the most engaged with 32% of users saying they use their iPad constantly throughout the day and 42% saying they use it at least once a day. iPad users are also t hose that use the widest range of apps and services available on the device. When talking about Apple s iPad users being more engaged, other short-term web traffic studies have shown that the iPad actually holds more than 75% of tablet web traffic in Canada and the US. That s value in action. It s obvious that cheap tablets aren t really doing anything to engage users to get on the net and use their tablets more. It s really showing us that most of the iPad alternatives are just being used as book readers. Apple’s competitive advantage is it brand. According to Forbes, Apple is the World’s most valuable brand valued at $151B. It grew 6% last year. Apple has fans. Millions of people will buy whatever Apple sells. A bigger phone, that’s great innovation, they’ll buy it. A smaller phone, genius, sold. A knack for simplicity Apple has a brand for simplicity, making complex things simple. Before the iPhone, smartphones were complicated. Before the iPod buying digital music was a mess. Before the iPad tablets were cumbersome. Part of their secret sauce is integration. AppleShow MoreRelatedApple s Mission And Vision Statement1197 Words   |  5 Pagesdistinguishes a leader from a follower†- Steve jobs. Apple created by Steve Jobs is a company based in the United States that creates, sells electronics such as phones and tablets. Since the creation of Apple in 1976 it has become a multinational billion-dollar company and one of the world’s most valuable brands according to USA Today. Apple’s sales are close to 80 billion dollars a year and it poses the question why is Apple successful? Apple is successful due to high quality, great marketing strategyRead MoreInternal Environment Of Apple Inc. Essay839 Words   |  4 PagesThis section of the report will examine and analyse the internal environment of Apple Inc. which will cover the organisation structure. The internal environment of Apple Inc. would be examined through the use of SWOT analysis. SWOT analysis is used to analyse an organisation s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, in this case, the organisation is Apple Inc. however for the purposes of this section of the report, only the strengths and weaknesses will be examined and analysed. MeyerRead MoreBus 475 Week 2 Team Paper1476 Words   |  6 PagesApple Values and Alignment Values are beliefs and philosophies, by which companies try to maintain in their mission and vision. Values identify who and what, a company represents by their actions. It is easy to say one thing, and turn around and do the opposite. Both, individuals and companies, possess values, by which they express and live by. Apple, Inc. has an established set of core values that guide them through the success of their employees, customers, and the business entity. IndividualRead MoreThe Social Responsibility Of Apple Inc.1687 Words   |  7 PagesCompany of Choice: Apple Inc. The Social Responsibility of Apple Inc. By definition, social responsibility is known as the ethical framework and provides suggestions that an organization or an individuals, feels obliged to act so that the benefit is felt across the organization. It is that duty that every individual has of performing so as to ensure proper maintenance of balancing amid the economy and the organizational ecosystems. Apple Inc. has a well outlined social responsibility that works toRead MoreThe Founding And Renowned Apple Inc. Essay904 Words   |  4 PagesMission per se is an important assignment carried out for political, religious or commercial purposes as per Oxford dictionaries. In the business setting, mission or mission statement highlights a company or organization’s core value. There would be no organization, group, nor company be ever forged if there is no purpose of its existence. On a personal stand point, I’ve been with a lot of organizations and all of those organizations were guided by its vision, mission, goals and objectives. I’veRead MoreCase Study of Apple Inc and its Success821 Words   |  4 PagesApple Inc. has been into the electronics business since some decades in the industry. It had built its place in the markets, all over the world through its dynamic strategies that focused on quality and innovation. Apple Inc. has made progress from being a loss making company to being the biggest company in the electronics industry with incredibly high revenues and profit margins. The assignment is going to be based upon Apple Inc.s case study and its journey as a whole to becoming a successfulRead MoreBusiness Failure Analysis/Leading Organizational Change1610 Words   |  7 Pages Business Failure Analysis/Leading Organizational Change Team D’s assignment consisted of two parts; first we selected a business that failed and one that has succeeded within the last 5 years and identified their objectives, visions, and missions. After our research we determined the indicators of the business failures and successes. In our paper we will describe how specific organizational behavior theories could have predicted or explained the company’s failures or successes and howRead MoreE Business Strategy : Case Study1035 Words   |  5 Pagese-business strategy case: Apple 1. Explain what an e-business strategy is in terms of its importance in planning and controlling organisation’s e-business. 2. Strategic analysis 3. Strategic objectives Ad 1. Where are we now? - STRATEGY - Where do we want to be? E-business strategy – defines the future direction and actions of an organisation (or part of an organisation) supported by internal and external electronic communications. An e-business strategy is important for anRead MoreStrategic Management Case Analysis: Apple Inc. Essay1027 Words   |  5 PagesStrategic Management Case Analysis: Apple Inc. Veronica R. Hart Kaplan University Strategic Human Resource Management Unit 1 GB 520 p. 1-6 March 9, 2011 The 2008 Harvard Business Case Study on Apple Inc, describes the very popular corporation with 24 billion in revenue as of 2007 and how the company has had some problems yet sustainability over the years. The status of the company was examined in detail by the article which revealed a number of strategic moves under the leadership ofRead MorePurpose Of A Mission And Vision Statement1994 Words   |  8 Pagescompanies all have a code of ethics, mission and vision statements in place. The three instruments are used to establish rules/ regulations, organization , and a business plan of action. What is the purpose of a mission and vision statement? A mission statement is a strategic plan of action. It defines certain regulations that the organization should adapt and adhere to, during the growth of the business - to ensure its success and longevity. A good mission statement normally indicates the businesses

Wednesday, December 25, 2019

The Rights Of Gays And The Homosexual Agenda - 1743 Words

In March of 2009, at the Hotel Triangle in Kampala, Uganda, Scott Lively, an American attorney and activist and the president of Abiding Truth Ministries, a conservative Christian organization, delivered a speech that was to have a drastic effect on the human rights of gays and lesbians in Uganda. The speech, given at an anti-gay conference titled â€Å"Exposing the Truth behind Homosexuality and the Homosexual Agenda†, linked homosexuality with child molestation and the destruction of African families and laid the foundation for what was to become a virulently homophobic movement in Uganda. This religious crusade against the rights of gays and lesbians culminated in an oppressive law, passed in 2014 and recently struck down on a technicality by a Ugandan court that, in its original form, made homosexual acts punishable by death. This paper examines the roots and language of the law and the connection between its passage and American evangelical efforts in Uganda, as well as t he distorting influence of Scott Lively and a lawsuit brought against him for human rights violations. Lively is an attorney, activist, and candidate for the 2014 Massachusetts governorship, as well as a published author (most notably of The Pink Swastika, a thoroughly discredited history that argues that homosexuality was the root cause of the Holocaust). He is the pastor and president of Abiding Truth Ministries, a church based in Springfield, Massachusetts, and a former director of theShow MoreRelatedHate Crimes Against Gays Essay905 Words   |  4 Pagesdead. Matthews murderers set out only to rob him, but ended up beating him so severely that he never regained consciousness before he died. Why did this happen in the first place? Simply because Matthew was gay. Matthews death became a national symbol of violence against homosexuals, prompting prayer vigils and calls for state and federally supported hate crime laws. Today, America prides itself on being a tolerant country. Through laws and legislation, including affirmative action,Read MoreReaction to Cars Gay Divorce1019 Words   |  4 PagesRe: Reaction to Card’s â€Å"Gay Divorce† Overview The institutional barriers to legally recognizing same-sex marriage engender a sense of injustice and an unethical violation of a Universal Human Right. While author Card does identify these fallacies and states that the law should not determine which adult unions are legitimate, she posits an unsettling alternative. Suggesting that same-sex marriage should not have been a political issue and proposing the abolition of marriage denies the LGBT communityRead MoreThe Stonewall Riot of 1969830 Words   |  3 Pagesduring the 1960’s and 70’s, the gay liberation movement was one of the most important challenges to the hierarchal structures of accepted moral and scientific thought. Functioning as a minor footnote within the context of a substantial political arena comprised of the issues of war, race and a raging women’s liberation movement, gay liberation in the late twentieth century still sought to impress upon the marginalizing and sectarian constructions that su bjugated gays to an imposed peripheral existenceRead MoreThe Controversy Over Same-Sex Marriages861 Words   |  3 Pagescontroversy regarding homosexuals and whether or not it would be wrong for society to accept marriages between same-sex couples. The masses express confusion regarding the homosexual community and individuals are generally inclined to discriminate homosexuals. While some consider that marriage is not actually an important thing and it is irrelevant whether or not a gay couple unites through official means, recent events show otherwise and it is apparently very important for a homosexual couple to have accessRead MoreThe Issue of Gay Marriage864 Words   |  3 Pagesâ€Å"The issue of gay marriage is one of many fronts. Looking into the nation’s past, an individual will realize that depriving anyone of free will and/or rights they feel they should have doesn’t work. A critical argument against gay marriage, is that being gay is a â€Å"choice† therefore it shouldn’t be promoted and spread. This is false because one who is truly homosexual is naturally sexually attracted to the same sex. A heterosexual male cannot just make a choice to engage in homosexual intercourse.Read MoreThe Argument Against Gay Marriges1237 Words   |  5 Pages Arguments against gay marriges Though there are differences in the views of different faiths, conservative Protestants, the Catholic Church, Mormons, traditional Jews, and Muslims share two fundamental antigay arguments. The first is that homosexuality is wrong because it involves sex that doesn t create life. In the case of Judaism, a key Bible passage is the story of Onan (Links to an external site.), who sleeps with his dead brother s wife but, to avoid giving his brother offspring, doesnRead MoreHomosexual Lifestyle Is Extremely Harmful1094 Words   |  5 PagesHomosexual lifestyle is extremely harmful A question many people have is, what harm is it to allow same-sex couples the same benefits married heterosexual couples have? Or what harm is there in allowing gays to fill authoritative positions in society who act as role models for our children? The answer is that it is extremely harmful to our children and society as a whole. If our children have role models who are gay, they will think being gay is something that is acceptable by society. Read MoreGay Bashing1670 Words   |  7 PagesIn 2008, 190 homosexuals were killed in Brazil, one every two days, known as a 55 percent increase on the previous year. The annual report on murders of homosexuals, according to the Grupo Gay da Bahia from Brazil, says that 64 percent of the victims were gay men, 32 percent were transvestites, and four percent were lesbians. This is absolutely astonishing. Even though homosexuals have chosen an alternative lifestyle, they still deserve to live a normal life without being victimized of physicalRead More Gay Rights Essay1291 Words   |  6 Pages Gay Rights Two men are walking down the street very peacefully until they decide to kiss one another right out in the open. Some people look upon this as weird and others look upon it in disgust. Some even get angry about it. Is there a problem with what these men just did? Should they be left alone or reprimanded for what they have done? The issue of gay rights is very cloudy in our great nation. Most of this is due to the problems with the issue, the reasons for controversy, and pros and consRead MoreCreating Capabilities: The Human Development Approach by Martha Nussbaum 1015 Words   |  4 Pages Under the Constitution, all human beings are subjected to be treated equally. We are granted equal rights in order to live as dignified human beings. Although we strive to achieve equality for all, obvious inequality and discrimination still exist around the world. Same-sex marriage still remains to be a problem around the world today and it is one of the many cases of inequalities that needs to b e dealt with. Many countries and many states within the United States still have policies prohibiting

Monday, December 23, 2019

The Colonial Elite The Most Powerful Citizens Of The...

The Colonial Elite were known to be the most powerful citizens of the colonies. Although, they weren’t as rich or powerful as the English aristocrats, they still enjoyed a wealthy lifestyle. Most of the colony’s elite included the rulers of proprietary colonies much like Pennsylvania and Maryland. Elites who were in connection with imperial centers pretty much controlled the political and economic life of every colony. The wealthier of the colonists had so much wealth that they re able to build mansions with rooms devoted to one single purpose. Some of the American colonies did most of their business or communication with Britain than other groups of people. As they socialized with them more and more, they became more English-like. They tried to replicate British mannerisms and live a similar lifestyle. This was an action called Anglicization. The more wealthier of the elites would display this change by importing fine furniture, literature, and building large homes wit h display cases that held luxury goods. In New England, politicians would provide large amounts of land to the male settlers who would then divide the land between themselves. More land was usually given to the settlers with a higher social class. The citizens of the Southern Colonies such as Maryland, Virginia, and South Carolina were mainly successful with lots of crops; mostly tobacco and rice, which in turn gained a lot of money for them. These large plantations usually were farmed by forced labor ofShow MoreRelatedPolitical, Social, and Economic Causes of the American Revolution1442 Words   |  6 PagesAmerican Revolution, however, also had a darker side to it, the side of self-interest and profit. The signers of the Declaration represented various classes – the working class, the wealthy land owners and merchants, the intellectuals, and the social elite. Each of these strata had its own set of expectations and fears, which lent a new dimension to the cause of the Revolution. The pressure of these internal, and often overlapping groups, combined with the oppressive external tyranny of the British ParliamentRead MoreAmerican History : A Multi Faceted Progression Of History1257 Words   |  6 Pagesneeds to accou nt for the variety of perspectives available throughout history. Most often narratives of American history are written through the perspective of wealthy, elite white men, thus, it is important to also chronicle the history and perspectives of the minorities as well. Thus, in an attempt to properly understand the progression of American history, this essay will aim to compare the accounts of the wealthy elites to the small, non-farmers. In an effort to understand the progression of AmericanRead MoreThe Dichotomy Of Freedom And Slavery Essay2041 Words   |  9 PagesThe dichotomy of freedom and slavery in rhetoric and rise of the United States of America has long been an enigma, a source of endless debate for scholars and citizens alike who wonder how a nation steeped in the ideals of republicanism could so easily subjugate and enslave an entire group of people. The Chesapeake region was home to America’s great statesmen, men who espoused ideals of freedom and liberty from tyranny. Yet at the same time, these men held hundreds of men, women, and children inRead MoreQuestions On The Declaration Of Independence1664 Words   |  7 Pages50. Explain how the Declaration of Independence came to be written. Discuss how the question of slavery was/was not addressed by the declaration. The Declaration of Independence was created to cut all ties the colonies had with Great Britain. Great Britain was using it’s power to suppress the colonists and the American colonists had had enough. From unsanctioned tariffs to discriminatory taxes, Britain tried it’s best to contain them. Multiple acts bestowed upon the colonists were in direct violationRead MorePolitical Science : Take Home Exam2149 Words   |  9 PagesScience Take Home Exam The U.S. Government has had a lot of conflictions after the Revolutionary War settling into a stable state. Today the U.S. Government is certainly not flawless, but America’s Democracy has certainly evolved to reach rights of most people in this land. My goal is to dig into the reasons why colonist revolted against the British Parliament. After the colonist gained independence, the framers formed a constitution that still persists today. I will talk about the intents behindRead MoreHistorical Development of Risk Management1354 Words   |  6 Pagesabout it. Historical development of risk management in Kenya is categorised in three periods; 1. Pre colonial period-where strong African social insurance programs (A.S.I.P.) were used 2. Colonial period-the A.S.I.P. were weakening and British insurance programmes were introduced 3. Post colonial period-A.S.I.P. disintegrated and strong British insurance programmes took lead. PRE COLONIAL ERA In 13th century, before the inversion of the Arabs and the Portuguese on east African coast, theRead MoreEssay on Social Construction of Race1342 Words   |  6 PagesSocial Construction Race Race has been one of the most outstanding situations in the United States all the way from the 1500s up until now. The concept of race has been socially constructed in a way that is broad and difficult to understand. Social construction can be defined as the set of rules are determined by society’s urges and trends. The rules created by society play a huge role in racialization, as the U.S. creates laws to separate the English or whites from the nonwhites. Europeans, IndigenousRead MoreEngland Was The Most Powerful Country For A Very Long Time.1524 Words   |  7 PagesEngland was the most powerful country for a very long time. They were unbeatable. In the history of our world, Europe had been dominant over any region. However, England was the main leader. England conquered various parts throughout the world and colonized the land and took total control, bringing in money, jewelry, and lot of other resources to England. Since America was separate from the world and no one kn ew it even existed, England started to colonize it as soon as Columbus spread the word,Read MoreChapter 4 Apush Outline1826 Words   |  8 Pageslittle attempt to weld colonies ââ€" ª Royal Centralization, 1660-1688 †¢ Restoration monarchs disliked representative government †¢ Charles II rarely called parliament into session after 1674, and none after 1681 †¢ James II wanted to rule as absolute monarch o Meant he would never face an elected legislation †¢ These 2 kings had little sympathy for Am. Colonial assemblies Read MoreThomas Jefferson : A Founding Father844 Words   |  4 PagesThomas Jefferson: A Founding Father There are a quite a few Founding Fathers that created this nation. One in particular is Thomas Jefferson who is most commonly known as the writer of the Declaration of Independence. Thomas Jefferson was born in Shadwell, Virginia on April 13, 1743. At the age of 9 he officially began his studies. He continued through boarding school until he was sixteen all the while excelling in the classical languages. Thomas Jefferson owed his fortune to his father, Peter

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

Drug Legalization - 1579 Words

Why legalize marijuana? I see America with half the number of prisons, half the number of prisoners, 10,000 fewer homicides a year, inner cities in which there s a chance for these poor people to live without being afraid for their lives, citizens who might be respectable who are now addicts, not being subject to become criminals in order to get their drug, being able to get drugs for which they re sure of the quality. Isn t it a gateway drug to harder substances? The effect of criminalization is to drive people from mild drugs to strong drugs... Crack would never have existed in my opinion if you had not had drug prohibition. It was drug prohibition- why was crack created? Because cocaine was so expensive. [Cocaine was†¦show more content†¦The compassionate response is to do everything possible to prevent the destruction of addiction, not make it easier.†17 CNN) -- From certain precincts on the left, notably Barney Frank , to certain precincts on the right, notably the editorial page of National Review , we are witnessing a new push to end the so-called war on drugs and legalize drug use, starting with marijuana. Indeed, Ron Paul, Barney Frank s co-sponsor in the latest legislative effort, said recently he would go so far as tolegalize heroin . It s a bad idea. My friends at National Review begin their case by stating the illegalization of drugs has curtailed personal freedom, created a violent black market and filled our prisons. But the legalization of drugs, including marijuana, would exacerbate each of these problems. Ron Paul, Barney Frank: End pot prohibition Starting with the basics, keeping drugs illegal is one of the best ways to keep drugs out of the hands -- and brains -- of children. We know three things here: First, children who don t use drugsShow MoreRelatedThe Legalization Of Drug Legalization1310 Words   |  6 Pages Drug decriminalization is opposed by the majority of Americans. Leaders in drug prevention, education, treatment, and law enforcement are against it, as are many political leaders. However, pro-drug advocacy groups, who support the use of drugs, are making headlines. They are influencing legislation and having a significant impact on the national policy debate in the United States. Although, pro-advocacy groups claim decriminalization of drugs will lower incarceration rates and boost the economyRead More Drug Legalization Essay1115 Words   |  5 PagesDrug Legalization Drug legalization has become a great issue among Americans for many years, and there have also been those that try to stop that legalization. The article, â€Å"Legalizing Drugs is Not the Solution† by Gerald W. Lynch, has a good argument based on facts and incidents that have occurred from drug use. In this article a person thinks twice about what they are really doing when they use drugs, and it is clear as to why legalizing drugs would not be a logical solution As spokenRead MoreThe Legalization Of Drugs Should Be Legal984 Words   |  4 Pages The legalization of drugs has been an issue in society for quite a long time. People who are for and against the legalization of drugs can be very opinionated in their beliefs. Often times, some of these people on both sides of the argument can even be considered extremists. These disagreements vary quite a bit across the spectrum. Milton Friedman, someone who is for the legalization of drugs, argues that A user must associate with criminals to [sic] get the drugs, and many are driven to becomeRead MoreThe Legalization Of All Drugs1588 Words   |  7 PagesThe legalization of all drugs considered illegal in the United States today would do more than any other act to eradicate current social and political problems. Though many would naturally think otherwise, legalizing drugs like marijuana, ecstasy, meth, cocaine, heroin, mushrooms, LSD, and DMT would cripple organized crime, majorly reduce death and injury from drug use, unclog the court system, and make these drugs much safer to use. Contrary to popular belief, the legalization of all drugs wouldRead MoreThe Legalization Of Hard Drugs1036 Words   |  5 PagesCase for the Legalization of Hard Drugs in the U.S. The issue of drug abuse is a sad reality in every community, and drug prohibition is present across the globe. Whether it is under the guise of protection of family values, or public safety, prohibition disrupts more than it maintains. Many people view drugs as a problem but they can also be viewed as a problem solver. This essay will address the socioeconomic issues with prohibition of hard drugs, and argue for their legalization. ProhibitionRead MoreDiscussing Drug Legalization1821 Words   |  7 Pages â€Å"Drugs are bad, mkay.† That’s what we’ve come to learn from Mr. Mackey in South Park (Ike’s Wee Wee). While that is known, what is the best way to combat drug use in society today? It is true the government is spending billions of dollars on the â€Å"War on Drugs,† but if they were to be legalized would that be replaced with money being spent on healthcare due to drug related incidents, or drug treatment programs? It is true that a large amount of crime and the prison population are drug related offendersRead More Drug Legalization Essay957 Words   |  4 PagesDrug Legalization Drug abuse has progressively, over the last thirty years, become a tool for crime organizations and bureaucracies, independent and under the control of the federal government, used to transform drug addiction into a profit through the passage of countless laws against drug abuse. Gore Vidals assertive essay communicated his belief that drug addiction should be legalized in order to ensure the eventual well-being and individual freedom guaranteed to Americans by the constitutionRead MoreAgainst The Legalization Of Drugs1671 Words   |  7 PagesAgainst the Legalization of Drugs Legalization of drugs is an increasingly hot topic in today’s society. It is one of that needs vast advancements in research and treatment for addicts to prevent the moral and legal obligations, as well as the severe health ramifications that come along with addiction of these powerful drugs. To legalize drugs would be detrimental to the family unit as well as our youth and have serious health consequences at an alarming rate. James Q. Wilson, author of, â€Å"AgainstRead MoreThe Legalization Of Recreational Drugs1807 Words   |  8 Pages2013 there was over a hundred thousand drug related crimes recorded in Canada. Some countries around the world, such as the Netherlands, have loosened their restrictions on recreational drug use in an attempt to lower crime rates in their nation. The current law in Canada strictly prohibits the use and distribution of all recreational drugs. Many people, however, question if this is the best way to regulate drugs. Some would argue that legalizing drugs would create an economic opportunity forRead More Drugs And Legalization Essay566 Words   |  3 Pages Drugs and Legalization nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Since early on man has been interested in the consumption of substances that altered the mind or ones feeling. The consumption of substances can be broken down into legal and illegal substances. The question is, who are we to label certain substances illegal and prohibit others from using them by creating penalties for their use? nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;If the importation, sale and use of drugs were legal, the open competition would eliminate

Sunday, December 15, 2019

All That Is Sarcasm Free Essays

When dunces appear at every turn, or even when a friend is being unintelligent, one can be easily agitated with such annoyances. Although violence may seem like a good idea at the time, sarcasm is a better approach and it’s easier on the knuckles. Sarcasm is less simple, however, so here are some quick tips to make those witty retorts we all love so much. We will write a custom essay sample on All That Is Sarcasm or any similar topic only for you Order Now When it comes to sarcasm, all remarks should be lighthearted–after all no one likes a jerk. Pick a phrase that isn’t too degrading, but one that gets the point across so the person knows they’re not being intelligent. For example, if a friend says, â€Å"Wow, the sky is really blue today,† an appropriate response could be, but is not limited to, â€Å"No way! I thought it was purple. † Also, the use of sarcasm in somber environments is strictly off limits. In a funeral setting, for instance, sarcasm is forbidden no matter what the remark is. Remember that sarcasm is more about being funny and less about twisting a knife. To add to the lighthearted nature, the proper tone must be taken for sarcasm to gain its intended effect. Using emphasis on different words will make sarcasm easily detectable. To exemplify, in the response ‘no way! I thought is was purple,’ overemphasize ‘no way’. In doing so, the tone makes it blatantly obvious that sarcasm is present. However, do not emphasize too many words, or the phrase will sound choppy and will not flow with the conversation. Remember also not to put too much mirth in the tone or it may be hard to keep a straight face. After dropping a sarcastic remark, it’s best to let the person realize rather than giving it away with hysterical laughter, so they don’t feel completely incoherent. Although lightheartedness and tone make sarcasm effective, timing is also a crucial part. Being able to think on your feet is a must especially if the topic changes rapidly. In essence, when a person says something deserving of a sarcastic remark, quickly say the remark before the conversation changes subject. In the ‘purple sky’ example, if the friend has already gone on to talk about their favorite football team, then the remark would become obsolete. Even though it may seem like using sarcastic remarks at the right time is an easy task, it does take some effort. Make sure that the thought is completed at the right time, and if it is not, don’t feel compelled to say it. Now go, exchange tactful words with friends and let the witty banter ensue. There is no situation awkward enough, no force powerful enough, and no river wide enough to stop the complexities of sarcasm. With timing, tact, and tone, an apprentice will soon become a master of all that is sarcasm. How to cite All That Is Sarcasm, Papers

Monday, December 9, 2019

O Brother Where Art Thou Essay Example For Students

O Brother Where Art Thou Essay This old time musical theatrical movie clip was an insightful blast from the past that made you cherish those days where it was inconceivable to not be a gentlemen, and it was a down right shame to be anything less then an honest women. This old time movie with a new age attitude definitely strikes the funny bone of any modern day movie watcher. The opening titles inform us that the Coen Brothers O Brother, Where Art Thou is based on Homers The Odyssey. The Coens claimed their Fargo was based on a true story, but later confided it wasnt; this time they confess they havent actually read The Odyssey. Still, theyve absorbed the spirit. Like its inspiration, this movie is one darn thing after another. The film is a Homeric journey through Mississippi during the Depressionor rather, through all of the images of that time and place that have been trickling down through pop culture ever since. There are even walk-ons for characters inspired by Babyface Nelson and the blues singer Robert Johnson, who speaks of a crossroads soul-selling rendezvous with the devil. Bluegrass music is at the heart of the film, as it was of Bonnie and Clyde, and there are images of chain gangs, sharecropper cottages, cotton fields, populist politicians, river baptisms, hobos on freight trains, patent medicines, 25-watt radio stations and Klan rallies. The movies title is lifted from Preston Sturges 1941 comedy Sullivans Travels (it was the uplifting movie the hero wanted to make to redeem himself), and from Homer we get a Cyclops, sirens bathing on rocks, a hero named Ulysses, and his wife Penny, which is no doubt short for Penelope. If these elements dont exactly add up, maybe theyre not intended to. Homers epic grew out of the tales of many storytellers who went before; their episodes were timed and intended for a nights recitation. Quite possibly no one before Homer saw the developing work as a whole. In the same spirit, O Brother contains sequences that are wonderful in themselveslovely short filmsbut the movie never really shapes itself into a whole. (Ebert, par 2) This movie takes place in some unknown po -dunk country boy town in Mississippi, where only chain gangs and old Ford model   roamed the long dirt roads. The film begins with the three main characters: Ulysses Everett McGill (George Clooney), Pete Hogwallop (John Turturro), and Delmar ODonnel (Tim Blake Nelson) escaping from their chain gang crew in the middle of nowhere. As these hardened idiotic criminals embark on their treasure seeking journey, they quickly find that their old foolish ways of lying, cheating, and stealing is no way to live if youre trying to be a proper gentleman. With the hopes of striking it rich and starting a new life on the straight and narrow path, these three men run into some pretty interesting characters along the way. One of the first characters we meet on these dysfunctional newly found brothers journey is the blind profit. He is particularly important because he informs these men, that the treasure theyre seeking will not be found and they will be getting something they never expected. But this is of little concern for our heroic idiots because, after all, this new fortune message came from a blind black man ridding a hand car, checking the train tracks. This is also where you first see the group somewhat unknowingly elect Ulysses as the leader, the reason hes elected is possibly due to his outspokenness, and wordy explanations that only confuse the other two blubbering idiots. The leader of the trio, Everett Ulysses McGill fancies himself as the brains of the outfit. Vanity may be the reason Everett sleeps with a hair net on to keep his pomaded locks in place, but you wouldnt be surprised to learn he thought it helped contain his bursting brain. In the vast scheme of things, though, Everett is only a few bricks closer to a full load than his cohorts, Pete who has a hair-trigger temper, and sweet, simpleminded Delmar. (Taylor, par 2) As our newly found chained companions embark further into their journey the long arm of the law tries catches up with them. .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219 , .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219 .postImageUrl , .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219 , .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219:hover , .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219:visited , .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219:active { border:0!important; } .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219:active , .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219 .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u62dabff80776db00c75bd949ffeca219:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Film Review - Dear White People EssayHere is where you meet the leader of the inmates chain gang, his stoic like expressions and inferior position gives you the sense that he believes he is in a godlike position. Luckily for our heroes, they continuously escape his clutches safely and their battle for the treasure continues. Our next character introduction takes place at the cross roads on a lonely dirt road, here is where you meet a colored boy by the name of Tommy, who sold his soul to the devil for the gift of guitar playing. The introduction of Tommy is really the first glimpse where you hear these backyard country boys sing; they have the voice of angles and they form a musical group called the Soggy Bottom Boys. This music group sings with a melody that gently touches your heart and speaks to your soul. Unbeknownst to our characters this newly formed group is really a treasure that will pay off big in the end. One of the biggest turning points in the movie is when all the characters are in the woods and a multitude of Jesus believers join together for a good old fashion baptism. This scene is particularly important because here is where Pete and Delmar miraculously change their ways, for they have been saved by the grace of God. This scene makes most movie watchers get the feeling of a religious based movie. After this point if you pay close attention to the symbolism you can directly relate everything in the movie to a religious aspect, everything from the butterflies that continuously surround Delmar to Ulysses seven daughters, and in the end the flood that washes everything away. As atypical as any movie currently available in a theater, O Brother, Where Art Thou? Offers musical numbers, car chases, shootouts, magical realism, natural disasters, and more Dapper Dan hair care product than anyone could possibly want. The film has its share of standout sequences. The best of these involve John Goodman as Big Dan, a one-eyed Bible Salesman who cant stop talking. Then theres a scene where the trio steals a pie from a windowsill and leaves behind money to pay for their theft. And theres an encounter with three sirens which results in an alarming transformation for one of the protagonists. As fun as O Brother, Where Art Thou can be, it has an overlong, dragged-out feel. In essence, there seems to be less material than a 105-minute feature can support. And, as is often the case in Coen Brothers movies, there is minimal character development. We learn a little bit about Ulysses, but almost nothing about anyone else. In large part, were willing to stick with these three individuals because the actors playing them did a good job. Clooney radiates charisma as he slides into character. John Turturro and Tim Blake Nelson are both effective foils, and the entire supporting cast (which includes Coen veterans like Goodman and Holly Hunter) falls into place. (Berardinelli, par. 3) Some of the tougher movies critics like James Berardinelli (writer for ReelViews) says, At their best, the Coens have the ability to make viewers squirm in their seats, let loose with uncontrolled bursts of laughter, or both. Unfortunately, O Brother, Where Art Thou does none of these things. Its inarguably offbeat and moderately entertaining, but theres nothing remarkable or memorable about this motion picture. The movie will undoubtedly resonate with some audience members, but Im not one of them. (par. 3) Despite the negative reflection by some of its movie critics, O Brother Where Art Thou is probably one that will go into my own classic archive, as being one of the funniest movies ever made. Being an everyday film loving American, I have to be honest and say that I didnt get the symbolic relation to the movie The Odyssey, but I would suggest that anyone interested in a movie with cheep laughs and quirky humor make the time to see this film. .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9 , .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9 .postImageUrl , .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9 , .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9:hover , .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9:visited , .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9:active { border:0!important; } .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9:active , .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9 .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u4c064172dc804e0bebffa3201fb566e9:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The Price of Greatness is Responsibility EssayAll the characters in this movie seem to be on complete opposite ends of the spectrum. But thats possibly why the introductions of these crazy characters make this movie enjoyable for all ages. The musical songs throughout the film almost make you want to stand up in your living room and have a good old fashion ho- down. The actors development in this movie is as entertaining as any must see flick of the year. George Clooney did an especially good job in making his character come to life as did all our other characters.

Saturday, December 7, 2019

Intellectual Property Law Copyright

Question: What circumstances can employee own his copyright under the cause of employment? Answer: This essay will be looking at the copyright work and thereby focusing on the circumstances where the author can own his own work while under employment. The rule that copyright initially vested in author is however subject to a number of exception. The first is concern with work made by employee while under employment. Copyright law in the United Kingdom is an origination of the concept of common law. It became a statutory law with the passing of the Copyright Act, 1911 and currently the act is known as Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988 (Cornish, Llewelyn and Aplin 2013). The type of work to which this Act applies is literary meaning song lyrics, computer programmes, commercial documents, articles and newsletters. In the year 1992, computer programmes was also considered as literary works as part of the copyright act. The Act shall also be applicable to dramatic, musicals and artistic work such as plays, dance, recordings and paintings. Additionally, films and broadcasts shall also be considered as part of Copyright Act in the United Kingdom (Bently and Sherman 2014). Section 9 to 11 of the Copyright Act 1988, deals with ownership and authorship of copyright. For the purpose of this Act, author shall mean a person who creates the unique work (Harriss and Atkinson 2013). In the case of sound recording, the producer who produced the sound recording shall be regarded as the owner, in the case of broadcast, the person who made the broadcast shall be regarded as the owner and in the case of a typographical arrangement, and the person who published the edition shall be considered as the owner. This is important in the case of employment as during the course of employment a person who creates any of the following work shall also be regarded as the owner, having full ownership over them. However, until the time the person continues his employment, the employer is considered as the owner of the copyright even though the employer is the creator of the work (Kur, Planck and Dreier 2013). According to section 9 subsection 3 of the Act, in the case of dramatic , literary and musical work that is generated by computer, the author of such work shall be the person who made the work generate through computer program (Davis 2012). For the purposes of employment, a person who generates such work shall be regarded as the author however; the ownership belongs to the employer until the time the person is in the course of his employment (Lemley 2012). The following statutory provisions are contained in the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988 for the protection of literary, dramatic and musical works. According to section 1(1) (a), the following kind of works are given copyright protection such as literary, dramatic, musical and artistic (Bently and Sherman 2014). Hence, copyright provides protection to the idea of the creation and not just the creation. Generally, names, phrases and titles should not be regarded as unique work however; a logo may be regarded as a unique work as it has all the elements of uniqueness and originality in it (Von Hippel, Jong and Flowers 2012). According to section 11 of the Copyright Act, 1988, where an employee creates any work during the course of his employment, then the employer shall be considered as the owner of the work unless there is a contract that states a contrary (Cornish, Llewelyn and Alpin 2013). According to Section 215 of the ownership of design right, the first owner of a design is considered as the owner of the maker of the design unless such a design is created in the course of employment (Griffith, Miller and O'Connell 2014). When a company, group of people or individuals create a work copyright arises. The work created shall fall under the protection of copyright if it is original exhibiting a certain level of originality, skill and labor. Interpretation of copyright is related to the creation of the work and the idea behind it rather than only the creation (Torremans 2013). For example, the idea for formation of a book shall not be protected but the content of the book shall be protected. Under normal circumstances, an individual or collective individuals who authored the work are considered as owners of the work and they are considered as people having the first ownership of their work (Coleman 2013). However, if such work is produced as part of the employment then the first owner shall be the company that is the employer of the person who created the work. In cases of freelancing, the authors of the work are the persons who created the work rather than the employer of the same. The owner of the copyri ght may sell or transfer his ownership right to some other person. If the copyright work is taken as sample from the previous work then the copyright does not survive anymore. The owner of the copyright has the exclusive authority to bring an action against the person who breached his exclusive copyright. However, this is not always the case, if the work is created by the employee in the course of their employment; the employer becomes the owner of the copyright (Griffith, Miller and O'Connell 2014). If an independent contractor creates the work and if the contractor in writing signs an agreement that states that the work shall be considered as authority of the employer then the independent contractor shall not have any claim for obtaining copyright over the work. The employer in this case shall be regarded as the owner of work. Finally, if the owner of the copyright sells his exclusive right then he may not be regarded as owner of the unique work (SHErMAN and Bently 2015). When two or more authors prepare a work with the intention of combing their contributions into indivisible parts, then the work is considered as a creation of joint authors. The joint authors are considered as copyright owners. The best example of joint author work is a book, which is written by more than one author (Lang and Heasman 2015). However, if the book is primarily written by any one of the authors and later other authors contribute to the original work then such a work shall not be regarded as an inseparable work. Copyright enables the holder of the right to have control over the distribution of their work and prevent others from doing the same. The ability of the owners to manufacture and distribute the work helps them in deriving economic benefits from their work (Hall et al. 2012). To publish or produce the work in the market, the publisher or the seller has to obtain the permission of the author and he has to acquire exclusive right over the work. If copyright ownership is an origination from the author then the publisher has to derive authority from negotiation of the terms of the license. By vesting copyright ownership on the author, they have the authority to control the honor of their work and benefit them from exploitation. This is the internal effect of copyright. The internal and external ownership of copyright give the authority of creation, distribution and production of the original works. Additionally, lawmakers have also introduced legislative remuneration powers for securing the private lending rights of the unique work (Hart, Clark and Fazzani 2013). A common situation that many companies face is regarding the creation of a new computer software system. It is seen in many companies than ace programmers works on a part time basis, since programming is a major part of an IT undertaking, an outside computer software consultant is appointed to help the ace programmer with the implementation of the software. After a lot of hard work and time investment, both the software developer develop new software that could effectively manage the computer software system (Evers, Miller and Spengel 2015). The company paid the software developer whom they hired from outside and the company assumed themselves as the owner of the software system. After few months, it is seen that the programmer uses the software for their personal use and they obtain economic benefits from the software that was created for the company. The general assumption in such cases is that once we are paid for the work for which we are appointed, the ownership of the work gets over and the employee considers himself the owner of the copyright work (Harriss and Atkinson 2013). This is however true, and the programmers have the right to utilize their work and make economic benefits out of it. Law considers such act as lawful; the software company should have made the programmers sign a contract that restricted them from using the software outside the premises of the company for distribution or marketing purposes (Kur, Planck and Dreier 2013). In determining whether the author is under a contract of services, the first step is to differentiate between contract of services and contract for services. The contract of service can be determined by applying the contract law and tort law and very few have been applied in the context of copyright law. The older case laws have given us the evidence that greater the control of the employer over an employee, greater is the chances that the employee shall fall under the contract of services (Davis 2012). The control was considered as an important part of the Copyright Act, 1911 in the United Kingdom. However, recently the companies are departing from the control test. The Courts have relied on other areas of law for interpretation other than the law of copyright for determining the contract of service. Many types of policy considerations exist for the interpretation of copyright other than the copyright for the understanding of contract of service. The control test is not appropriate for all copyright matters, especially in those areas where skilful employees are involved. In such cases, it is almost impossible to establish the amount of control that an employer has over a creation (Lemley 2012). Stephenson, Jordan and Harrison Ltd. v. MacDonald and Evans is a famous case that have provided for a new approach for understanding of the term of contract of service. In this case it was held, that an integral part of the business as explained by Lord Denning is the test of copyright to determine whether the author is an employee under the contract of service. As per the requirements of the Act, it is important to proof that the employee is under the contract of service however, this is not sufficient for copyright ownership. The work should be made while the employee was in the course of their employment. This is difficult to determine as the hours of employment and extent of employment is not always specified. The Courts sometimes rely on the facts of the case to de termine the course of employment (Cornish, Llewelyn and Alpin 2013). In the case of Byrne v. Statist Co, it was held that an employee who was appointed for making translations of the speech for extra remuneration other than his regular salary, held the copyright in his translated speech. The author undertook the translation during his own time and not part of his employment. It was for this reason, why he was able to claim copyright over his work (Davis 2012). In the case of Stephenson, Jordan and Harrison Ltd. v. MacDonald and Evans, an accountant owned copyright over the lectures he wrote with the business in which he was working. The lectures were prepared for universities and colleges and thus were not considered as part of his employment. Other place where the problem of determination may arise is with respect to the staff in the hospital or nurse or staffs who work at school. If the staffs who works at school prepares lecture note for his own convenience then it shall be regarded as his copyright and not the copyright of the company as his job i s not to prepare lecture notes but to teach students. Hence, this shall be regarded as part of the authors own work. In such case, the employer cannot seek protection over the work of his employee. Each case must be examined depending on the facts of the case and according to the contract of service of the employee. The importance to establish ownership of the work, depending on the facts can have a profound effect on the employer. Firstly, the employee may sue the employer for infringement of the employees copyright. Secondly, except the employer has received an assignment from the employee and is willing to take that risk that, he owns the copyright in the given work; the employer may get involved into two different kind of lawsuit to protect his copyright against infringement. First he may get involved with the employee and then with the infringer of the copyright. The process of trial for solving the ownership of work by the employer is time consuming, expensive and aggravating. If the employer becomes unsuccessful in his initial attempt against the employee, he will lack the standing to sue the alleged infringer. Only when the employer is able to prove that he is the owner of the copyright, he will be able to proceed with the action against the infringer (Griffith, Miller and O'Connell 2014 ). Secondly, the problem is related to the ambiguous wording of the Act and the journalist enjoys this regime. According to the Act, an employer of the journalist is given copyright in the work of the journalist if the employer meets the requirements of ownership. However, this right is restricted to the publication of work in any newspaper or magazine. There is absence of such a provision in the Act and that is why it is noted in many scenarios that journalist take advantage of this. Once a work is published in any magazine or newspaper, the owner of the work shall be the employer and not the employee. An associated problem with this provision is the policy fundamental to this. It is difficult to a section that the journalists are paid only for the creation of their work while other employees create copyright works incidental to their responsibilities. Commercial screenwriters and artists are also employed to create copyright works; however, they have no special right to restrict certa in uses of their works (Lang and Heasman 2015). Thirdly, is the extent of rights that an employer has in the work of the employee. An employer who owns copyright in the work not only has the right to distribute or sell the work but also obtains subsidiary rights of the work. This is enumerated in section 3 of the Copyright Act, for example, dramatic, film and translation rights. These rights do not only continue during the course of employment but it also continues even after the employment contract is terminated. This gives opportunity to the employer to enjoy the work even after the employment with the employee is over. However, this right should not prejudice to the rights of the employees. Due to this wide scope of exploitation of the work, it attains a value that is beyond the consideration of the employee and the employer. It is not always the activity of the employer that increases the value of the work. A work may be exploited in a way that is not known to the employee and the employer and it may attain a greater popularity of the work than anticipated. This may happen when the advertisement firm for the advertisement of his work pays an employee and consequently the advertisement becomes very popular. The advertising company reaps the benefit for the popularity of the advertisement. Though the work was created for some other purpose and for some other project and gradually used by someone else for monetary benefits (Hart, Clark and Fazzani 2013). Conclusively, it may said that the inadequacies in the present law system and the use of incomplete phrases such as contract of service and course of employment have led to greater uncertainty in the understanding of law. There is a need for amendment in the existing Copyright Law of United Kingdom and especially amendment should be made regarding the policy and uncertainty of the rights of the journalist and rights of the employer for the exploitation of the copyright work. References: Bently, L. and Sherman, B., 2014.Intellectual property law. Oxford University Press, USA. Cavusgil, S.T., Knight, G., Riesenberger, J.R., Rammal, H.G. and Rose, E.L., 2014.International business. Pearson Australia. Coleman, E.G., 2013.Coding freedom: The ethics and aesthetics of hacking. Princeton University Press. Cornish, W., Llewelyn, G.I.D. and Aplin, T., 2013. Intellectual property: patents, copyright, trade marks allied rights. Davis, J., 2012.Intellectual Property Law Core Text. Oxford university press. Evers, L., Miller, H. and Spengel, C., 2015. Intellectual property box regimes: effective tax rates and tax policy considerations.International Tax and Public Finance,22(3), pp.502-530. Griffith, R., Miller, H. and O'Connell, M., 2014. Ownership of intellectual property and corporate taxation.Journal of Public Economics,112, pp.12-23. Hall, B., Helmers, C., Rogers, M. and Sena, V., 2014. The choice between formal and informal intellectual property: a review.Journal of Economic Literature,52(2), pp.375-423. Harriss, D.J. and Atkinson, G., 2013. Ethical standards in sport and exercise science research: 2014 update.International journal of sports medicine,34(12), pp.1025-1028. Hart, T., Clark, S. and Fazzani, L., 2013.Intellectual property law. Palgrave Macmillan. Kur, A., Planck, M. and Dreier, T., 2013.European intellectual property law: text, cases and materials. Edward Elgar Publishing. Lang, T. and Heasman, M., 2015.Food wars: The global battle for mouths, minds and markets. Routledge. Lemley, M.A., 2012. Intellectual property and shrinkwrap licenses. SHErMAN, B. and Bently, L., 2015. Intellectual property law. Torremans, P., 2013.Holyoak and Torremans intellectual property law. Oxford University Press. Von Hippel, E., De Jong, J.P. and Flowers, S., 2012. Comparing business and household sector innovation in consumer products: findings from a representative study in the United Kingdom.Management Science,58(9), pp.1669-1681.

Sunday, December 1, 2019

The Effects of Globalization toward Leadership and Management Essay Example For Students

The Effects of Globalization toward Leadership and Management Essay The impact of globalisation over the last thirty years has been immense. Globalisation has provided companies with the option to operate in many different countries. A global corporation not only sells its products in a variety of diverse markets, but it may also manufacture its products and the components that make up those products in a number of different countries. How would these factors effect the management and leadership of a global corporation? Challenges for marketing and sales managementWhile it may be safe to assume that people want the same things wherever they are, the way that the marketing message is carried across must change to suit local conditions. Simply translating an advertising slogan from one language to another may not produce the desired result. We will write a custom essay on The Effects of Globalization toward Leadership and Management specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Errors can and do occur. The marketing department should include at least one person that is familiar with the language and culture of the target market. A mistake that unintentionally insults the market may not be easily forgiven. Local knowledgeDifferent markets also have different levels of sensitivity about nudity. While is is commonly accepted that sex sells, in some countries it could lead to people taking offence. It is not only the culture and language that are important when opening a new market. The company will need an understanding of market conditions as well. Will the product be competitively priced? Is there a competitor that currently dominates the market? What about brand loyalty? Local knowledge is a crucial part of marketing in different countries. Labour practicesThe production process is also quite different in different regions. Labour practices vary quite dramatically from one country to the next. Understanding the local labour market is an important consideration. What may be overlooked is the response at home when a plant is relocated to a region where labour is cheaper. Dealing with the home market is quite an important part of the process. Unions and displaced workers may produces much resistance and could even lead to consumer boycotts in extreme cases. Knowledge of the local labour market is crucial. The local labour laws, the extent of unionisation, the local work ethic and the quality of the work force are all of great importance. Global production requires knowledge and understanding of the local conditions. It also means that as a rule it is necessary to recruit management from local communities. Again, it is a question of understanding the language, culture and local labour practices. Political knowledge and sensitivityAnother aspect of globalisation requires an understanding of the political stability of the target market. Economic and political considerations are important for management to take a view on future investment and development. A global view of business coupled with a broad knowledge of varying cultural, political and economic differences around the world are required when a business decides to engage in the global economy.

Internal Environmental Scan/ - 950 Words

Assignment 2: Internal Environmental Scan/Organizational Assessment This section provides the opportunity to develop your course projec...